Split VPN tunelling for selected applications (Windows, Linux, macOS)

November 11, 2020

docker-compose.yml Sometimes you need to use VPN for a few selected applications, but not for your whole Internet traffic. However, most operating systems do not include that functionality. In this tutorial we will create a local proxy for our VPN using Docker and binhex/arch-delugevpn

Windows

Installing WSL2

IMPORTANT: Microsoft’s version of the Linux kernel does not include the Wireguard module by default. You can try your luck by compiling the kernel and the module manually, but I didn’t manage to make it work on my machine. Hence, I recommend using OpenVPN with Windows.

Open the start menu and type “Turn”. Click on the first result, Turn Windows features on or off. Here we need to enable two things — Virtual Machine Platform and Windows Subsystem for Linux.

Turn Windows features on or off

You can also do the same by typing the following commands in Powershell:

dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux /all /norestart
dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:VirtualMachinePlatform /all /norestart

After that, we need to restart Windows to complete the installation – press the Restart now button.

After Windows starts up, go to the Start Menu again and type “power”. Open PowerShell and type wsl --set-default-version 2. After that, download the Linux kernel update for WSL2 and install it.

Installing Docker Desktop

Download Docker Desktop for Windows from the official Docker website. After the installation is complete, press Close and log out.

Installing Ubuntu 20.04

After you log back in, you’ll see the Docker Desktop screen. But before configuring docker, we need to install a WSL distro from which we’re going to use in order to manage our container.

Open Microsoft Store and search for your favorite distribution. Personally, I recommend Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Once that’s installed, click on “Launch”. Type in your desired username and password in the terminal, and after that you should get the bash prompt.

Now go back to Docker Desktop, open the Settings and untick the “Send usage statistics”. Then, go to Resources > WSL INTEGRATION and enable “Ubuntu 20.04”. Close the Linux terminal window and open it again from the Start menu.

Docker Settings

Creating folders and writing a compose file

In the Linux terminal, type:

mkdir -p /mnt/c/Users/WINDOWS_USER_NAME/docker/arch-delugevpn/data
mkdir -p /mnt/c/Users/WINDOWS_USER_NAME/docker/arch-delugevpn/config/openvpn
mkdir -p /mnt/c/Users/WINDOWS_USER_NAME/docker/arch-delugevpn/config/compose

This will create a folder named docker in your Windows user’s directory and all the necessary subfolders.

Now create a file named docker-compose.yml in the compose folder with the following contents:

version: '3'
services:
        delugevpn:
                container_name: delugevpn
                image: binhex/arch-delugevpn:latest
                restart: unless-stopped
                cap_add:
                        - net_admin # Necessary for OpenVPN
                ports:
                        - 0.0.0.0:8112:8112
                        - 58846:58846
                        - 0.0.0.0:8118:8118
                environment:
                        - VPN_ENABLED=yes
                        - VPN_PROV=custom
                        - VPN_CLIENT=openvpn
                        - ENABLE_PRIVOXY=yes
                        - LAN_NETWORK=192.168.178.0/24 # Replace with your network's IP
                        - NAME_SERVERS=1.1.1.1,1.0.0.1
                        - DELUGE_DAEMON_LOG_LEVEL=info
                        - DELUGE_WEB_LOG_LEVEL=info
                        - DEBUG=false
                        - UMASK=000
                        - PUID=1000
                        - PGID=1000
                        - TZ=Europe/Amsterdam # Replace with your timezone – check https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tz_database_time_zones for reference
                volumes:
                        - /mnt/c/Users/WINDOWS_USER_NAME/docker/arch-delugevpn/data:/data # Replace WINDOWS_USER_NAME with your actual username
                        - /mnt/c/Users/WINDOWS_USER_NAME/docker/arch-delugevpn/config:/config
                        - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro

Some additional information for the parameters:

Running the container

Once you’re done, save the file and quit. Now we’re ready to run our container — type docker-compose up -d. But once that’s done — wait for about 10 seconds, and if you did everything correctly you should be able to see Privoxy process listening on port 8118 when you type docker logs delugevpn.

Working with Deluge

Open a browser and go to localhost:8112. You will get a password prompt and the default password here is “deluge”. You can change it latter in the settings.

Privoxy proxy

You can now access the proxy by pointing your applications to localhost:8112. Here’s an example of what that looks like in Firefox:

Firefox Network Settings

Privoxy also features ad/tracker filtering and other functinonality. To access the settings, open http://config.privoxy.org in your browser. You can also use FoxyProxy in Firefox for advanced whitelisting/blacklisting functionality with regular expressions.

Linux

On Linux this whole process takes less than 5 minutes. Open a terminal and type the following commands:

sudo pacman -S docker docker-compose # Will obviously differ depending on the distributin
sudo usermod -aG docker username
sudo systemctl enable --now docker

mkdir -p /home/LINUX_USERNAME/docker/arch-delugevpn/data
mkdir -p /home/LINUX_USERNAME/docker/arch-delugevpn/compose
mkdir -p /home/LINUX_USERNAME/docker/arch-delugevpn/config/wireguard # If you're using Wireguard
mkdir -p /home/LINUX_USERNAME/docker/arch-delugevpn/config/openvpn # If you're using OpenVPN

The docker-compose.yml will look a little bit different for Wireguard. In particular, we need to add the following lines:

                privileged: true
                sysctls:
                        - "net.ipv4.conf.all.src_valid_mark=1"

Now reboot. After booting up you can launch the container by running docker-compose up -d

macOS

On macOS the process is similar to Windows with a few exceptions: